Calculating the Panchanga

For all the forumulas given below, lmoon refers to the longitude of the moon, and smoon refers to the longitude of the sun at some point in time. DATE The date forms the basis of the information for the calendar and is the reference point. VARA (WEEKDAY) The weekday cannot be determined from astronomical factors. However, there are existing algorithms which can take any gregorian/julian day and will compute the weekday from it. MAASA (MONTH) There are three different kinds of months Solar Month – Starts when the sun moves … Continue reading

Panchangam Wikipedia

The Hindu calendar used in ancient times has undergone many changes in the process of regionalization, and today there are several regional Indian calendars, as well as an Indian national calendar. Most of these calendars are inherited from a system first enunciated in Vedanga Jyotisha of Lagadha, a late BCE adjunct to the Vedas, standardized in the Surya Siddhanta (3rd century CE) and subsequently reformed by astronomers such as Aryabhata (499 CE), Varahamihira (6th c. CE), and Bhaskara  (12th  c.  CE). There are differences and regional variations abound in these … Continue reading


you should find this chapter very interesting. It contains explanations for the many esoteric and mystical notations found on the calendar, including the kalas, yogas, gem of the day, color of the day, festivals and other special days.   EIGHT DAYTIME PERIODS—THE KALAS The period between sunrise and sunset each day is divided into eight pe- riods. Each period, or kala, lasts approximately one and one-half hours, depending on the total duration of sunlight. Three of the eight kalas are considered most im- portant—Rahu Kala, Yama Kala and Gulika Kala—known … Continue reading


Telling time has been refined to a science in the Hindu culture. And nowhere is time given greater prominence than in the Hindu temple. If you are accustomed to Western time concepts, the following overview of time from the Hindu per- spective will be illuminating.   ANNOUNCING TIME/SPACE COORDINATES—THE SAMKALPA The samkalpa, a formal statement of intent chanted aloud by the priest be- fore each temple ceremony, designates the time and place of the puja. It is divided into several sections. Vedic Calendar lists this chant for each day with … Continue reading

The Panchangam Calendar

The Panchangam Calendar Time Zone: Indian Standard Time (GMT + 0530 hours) Vaaram, Thithi, Nakshatram, Yogam, Karanam, Maasam – Dates and Timings DATE DAY TIME THITHI NAKSHATRAM YOGAM KARANAM ZONE 2013 April 12 Friday IST Waxing (Bright) 2 Dvithiyai till 1724 hours [Tritiya thithi there afterwards] 2 Bharani (Apa Barani) Vishkambham till 0249 hours [Preethi there afterwards] Balava till 0438 hours Kaulava till 1724 hours [Taitula there afterwards] 2013 April 13 Saturday IST Waxing (Bright) 3 Trithiyai till 1918 hours [Chaturti thithi there afterwards] 2 Bharani (Apa Barani) till 0115 hours[Karthigai nakshatra there afterwards] … Continue reading


n this section a vast area of Hindu astrology known as Muhurtha, the choosing of auspicious times, is touched upon briefly. First is a simple summary of auspicious times for new ventures, followed by a description of the nature of the 27 nakshatras.   A WORD ABOUT AUSPICIOUS BEGINNINGS Here it may be helpful to mention the idea behind auspicious beginnings. Just as each person has an astrological nature which is determined by the configu- ration of the stars and planets at his time of birth, so do buildings, businesses, … Continue reading


aadheenam: A Hindu monastery/ temple com- plex in the South Indian Saivite tradition. Also re- ferred to by the general terms: madam, mutt, math and peedam. Adi: The Tamil name of the fourth month of the Hindu year (in which the new year begins in mid- April). Adi extends from mid-July to mid-August on the Gregorian calendar. Aipasi: The Tamil name of the seventh month of the Hindu year (in which the new year begins in mid-April). Puratasi extends from mid-October to mid-November on the Gregorian calendar. almanac: A yearly … Continue reading